synesis

synesis
\\ˈsinəsə̇s\ noun (-es)
Etymology: New Latin, from Greek, union, intelligence, from synienai to bring together, perceive, understand (from syn- + hienai to send) + -sis — more at jet
: a construction in which one or more forms make agreement or reference not according to the requirements of syntax but according to the sense of the passage (as anyone and them in “if anyone calls, tell them I am out”)

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/sin"euh sis/, n. Gram.
a construction in which an expected grammatical agreement in form is replaced by an agreement in meaning, as in The crowd rose to their feet, where a plural pronoun is used to refer to a singular noun.
[1890-95; < NL < Gk sýnesis understanding, intelligence, equiv. to syn- SYN- + (h)e- (s. of hiénai to throw, send) + -sis -SIS]

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synesis /sinˈə-sis/
noun
Syntax having regard to meaning rather than grammatical form
ORIGIN: Gr, sense

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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  • Synesis — Syn e*sis, n. [Gr. ? intelligence.] (Gram.) A construction in which adherence to some element in the sense causes a departure from strict syntax, as in Philip went down to Samaria and preached Christ unto them. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Synesis — is a traditional grammatical/rhetorical term derived from Greek σύνεσις (originally meaning unification, meeting, sense, conscience, insight, realization, mind, reason ). A constructio kata synesin (or constructio ad sensum in Latin) means a… …   Wikipedia

  • Synĕsis — (gr.), 1) Verstand, Fassungskraft, Klugheit; 2) eine Wortfügung, bei welcher man nach dem Sinn, nicht nach den Worten construirt; man unterscheidet eine S. explicata, wenn das Substantiv, von welchem sein Prädicat in Genus u. Numerus abweicht,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synĕsis — (griech.), Sinn, Verstand; vgl. Sensus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synesis — Synĕsis (grch.), Sinn; bei der Satzkonstruktion katá synesin (Constructĭo ad sensum) ist die grammatische Genauigkeit dem Sinn zuliebe vernachlässigt (z. B.: ich sah das Mädchen; sie [statt es] sprach zu mir) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synesis — Synesis, griech., Verstand, Einsicht, Klugheit; in der Grammatik Wortfügung, wobei man nicht auf die Worte, sondern auf den Sinn sieht …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • synesis — [sin′ə sis] n. [ModL < Gr, sagacity, quick perception < synienai, to perceive, lit., to bring together < syn , together + hienai, to set in motion: see JET1] a grammatical construction which conforms to the meaning rather than to strict… …   English World dictionary

  • Synesis — ◆ Syn|e|sis 〈f.; , e|sen〉 Wortfügung, die grammatisch falsch ist, der Bedeutung aber entspricht, z. B. „die kleine Gretchen“ [grch., „Einsicht“] ◆ Die Buchstabenfolge syn|e... kann in Fremdwörtern auch sy|ne... getrennt werden. * * * Synesis  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • synesis — /sin euh sis/, n. Gram. a construction in which an expected grammatical agreement in form is replaced by an agreement in meaning, as in The crowd rose to their feet, where a plural pronoun is used to refer to a singular noun. [1890 95; < NL < Gk… …   Universalium

  • Synesis — Sy|ne|sis* [auch zʏn...] die; , ...esen <aus gr. sýnesis »Einsicht, Verstand«> sinngemäß richtige Wortfügung, die streng genommen nicht den grammatischen Regeln entspricht (z. B. eine Menge Äpfel fielen herunter; Sprachw.); vgl.… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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